What is Type 2 Diabetes ?

Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or not being responsive to insulin or both. While the disease is prevalent in adults, it also affects children particularly those with obesity.

 

Symptoms

 

The symptoms of this disease develop slowly and it might take a while, sometimes years before you know it. Some of the symptoms include.

 

1. Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination

 

Due the excess accumulation of sugar in your bloodstream, body fluid is drawn from the tissues. This in turn leaves you feeling thirsty and as a result you end up drinking and urinating more than usual.

 

2. Increased Hunger

 

In the absence of insulin to transport sugar into the blood cells, muscles and organs, the energy levels in your body are reduced, a situation that stimulates intense hunger.

 

3. Weight Loss

 

The most noticeable sign of type 2 diabetes is drastic weight loss. You may eat more than usual but since the body cannot metabolize glucose, it uses the muscles and fat as a source of energy. Consequently. you end up losing more calories as the glucose is released into the urine.

 

4. Fatigue and Blurred Vision

 

With reduced glucose in the blood, you not only become fatigued but also easily irritable. In addition, fluids are drawn from your eyes, and you may experience eyesight problems and inability to focus.

 

5. Slow Healing of Wounds and Patches of Dark Skin

 

Most patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes experience prolonged healing of wounds. In severe cases, your body becomes non-resistant to infections and you tend to fall sick more often.

 

6. Equally

 

you may have patches of dark skin and creases particularly in the armpits and neck. This condition is referred to as acanthosis nigricans and is a symptom of the body’s resistance to insulin.

 

Treatment

 

There is no known cure for this chronic disease. However, you can reduce its intensity by adopting healthy living practices. Such practices include eating well and embarking on a regular exercise regimen as well as maintaining a healthy weight. In case these changes are not enough to lower the effects of the disease, consider taking diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

 

When To See A Doctor

 

Visit a doctor at the earliest notice of the above-sighted symptoms.

Type 2 diabetes might be a chronic disease with no cure known to man yet, but that does not in any way condemn you to a life of misery. With the correct measures to manage the disease, you can live a normal life and carry on with your day to day duties.