How Do You Get Diabetes ?

A type of metabolic disease, diabetes is a condition where an individuals suffers from high blood sugar level due to poor insulin production or the cells’ inability to respond well to insulin. Those who suffer from this ailment may experience frequent urination, and their appetite may increase significantly.

 

As of 2013, about 382 million individuals worldwide was diagnosed to be suffering from this illness, based on a study by researchers. In addition, about 10 percent of people with this condition have type 1 while 90 percent of cases belong in type 2. On the other hand, pregnant women who experience elevated glucose level are positive with gestational diabetes.

 

Those who have this ailment are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Moreover, it is possible for the cholesterol and blood pressure levels to increase, which means regular monitoring is essential. It is also important to stop smoking as this can further trigger cardiovascular disorders, and the risk heightens with the presence of diabetes.

 

Causes of the Disease

 

There are several ways for a person to have this ailment. For instance, type 1 is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin. In most cases, those who suffer from this condition are in their teens, early adulthood, or before they reach 40 years of age. Patients with this condition must take insulin injections and maintain their glucose levels to normal ranges by following the right diet.

 

As for people withb type 2 form of this disease, their body cells fail to react positively to insulin, or there is insufficient amount of insulin obtained for proper body functions. Individuals who are obese or overweight are at greater risk of this disease, particularly those with too much visceral fat in their body. Thus, causes of this ailment include being physically inactive, drinking soda regularly, and consuming the wrong foods. There were also studies that showed how low testosterone levels in men can increase the risk of this disease.

 

Overall, diabetes is a condition that can affect people of all ages and various walks of life. It is commonly triggered by poor diet, lack of exercise, and stress. Over time, the condition may progress to other diseases that affect the heart as the cholesterol and blood pressure levels become elevated aside from the glucose. Hence, consulting a health expert, managing weight, following a regular exercise program and maintaining a stress-free life can improve one’s health and prevent the occurence of this disease.

What is Diabetes ?

Diabetes is a term used to refer to an assortment of diseases that have a negative effect on the way how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is essential for the overall well-being of the human body because it is the source of energy for the cells that constitute your tissues and muscles. In addition, it is the brain’s primary source of fuel.

 

1. Understanding Metabolism

 

In the quest help you get a better understanding of this chronic disease, it is imperative that you know how the body uses food for energy (metabolism). The body is made up of millions of cells and for these cells to provide your body with energy, they need food in the simplest of forms. When you eat or drink, the food is broken down into glucose, a simple sugar that is necessary for optimal functioning of body cells.

Blood vessels transport sugar throughout the body where it is absorbed in the stomach, or manufactured in the liver and later into the muscles where it is stored as fat. In order to facilitate the movement of sugar from the body into the cells, the pancreas releases insulin into the blood. The cells then take up the sugar and use it as energy.

When sugar moves from the bloodstream into the cells, the blood sugar level is lowered. In the absence of insulin, the sugar cannot be transferred from the blood to the body cells and this leads to an increase in the levels of sugar in the blood. Too much sugar in the blood is what is referred to as diabetes or hyperglycemia.

 

2. Types

 

There are two full-blown types of diabetes; type 1 and type 2. No matter the type, both cases are chiefly caused by too much glucose in the blood, although there may a variant of other causes. The symptoms associated with these two types of chronic illness are numerous. They range from unexplained weight loss, frequent yeast infection, dry mouth, increased thirst, tingling in the hands and feet, dry skin and frequent urination just to name but a few.

 

3. Gestational Diabetes

 

Abbreviated as GD, this disease affects close to 4% of all expectant mothers. It appears during the second trimester and disappears soon after the woman delivers.

Just like the types mentioned earlier on, your body can’t use glucose effectively leading to an increase in the levels of blood sugar. Be sure to seek medical assistance at the earliest opportunity because if it is left untreated, GD may affect the unborn child.

 

4. Pre-Diabetes

 

This is a condition characterized by high levels of blood glucose, but not high enough to be termed as diabetes. Just like GD it is potentially reversible if early treatment is sought.

While there are the number of risk factors that can increase your chances of contracting diabetes, almost everyone is at the risk of getting the disease. However, adequate preventative measures can be taken to keep the disease at bay altogether. When diagnosed with the disease make sure you take the necessary measures to keep it under control.

What is Type 2 Diabetes ?

Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or not being responsive to insulin or both. While the disease is prevalent in adults, it also affects children particularly those with obesity.

 

Symptoms

 

The symptoms of this disease develop slowly and it might take a while, sometimes years before you know it. Some of the symptoms include.

 

1. Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination

 

Due the excess accumulation of sugar in your bloodstream, body fluid is drawn from the tissues. This in turn leaves you feeling thirsty and as a result you end up drinking and urinating more than usual.

 

2. Increased Hunger

 

In the absence of insulin to transport sugar into the blood cells, muscles and organs, the energy levels in your body are reduced, a situation that stimulates intense hunger.

 

3. Weight Loss

 

The most noticeable sign of type 2 diabetes is drastic weight loss. You may eat more than usual but since the body cannot metabolize glucose, it uses the muscles and fat as a source of energy. Consequently. you end up losing more calories as the glucose is released into the urine.

 

4. Fatigue and Blurred Vision

 

With reduced glucose in the blood, you not only become fatigued but also easily irritable. In addition, fluids are drawn from your eyes, and you may experience eyesight problems and inability to focus.

 

5. Slow Healing of Wounds and Patches of Dark Skin

 

Most patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes experience prolonged healing of wounds. In severe cases, your body becomes non-resistant to infections and you tend to fall sick more often.

 

6. Equally

 

you may have patches of dark skin and creases particularly in the armpits and neck. This condition is referred to as acanthosis nigricans and is a symptom of the body’s resistance to insulin.

 

Treatment

 

There is no known cure for this chronic disease. However, you can reduce its intensity by adopting healthy living practices. Such practices include eating well and embarking on a regular exercise regimen as well as maintaining a healthy weight. In case these changes are not enough to lower the effects of the disease, consider taking diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

 

When To See A Doctor

 

Visit a doctor at the earliest notice of the above-sighted symptoms.

Type 2 diabetes might be a chronic disease with no cure known to man yet, but that does not in any way condemn you to a life of misery. With the correct measures to manage the disease, you can live a normal life and carry on with your day to day duties.