A type of metabolic disease, diabetes is a condition where an individuals suffers from high blood sugar level due to poor insulin production or the cells’ inability to respond well to insulin. Those who suffer from this ailment may experience frequent urination, and their appetite may increase significantly.
As of 2013, about 382 million individuals worldwide was diagnosed to be suffering from this illness, based on a study by researchers. In addition, about 10 percent of people with this condition have type 1 while 90 percent of cases belong in type 2. On the other hand, pregnant women who experience elevated glucose level are positive with gestational diabetes.
Those who have this ailment are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Moreover, it is possible for the cholesterol and blood pressure levels to increase, which means regular monitoring is essential. It is also important to stop smoking as this can further trigger cardiovascular disorders, and the risk heightens with the presence of diabetes.
Causes of the Disease
There are several ways for a person to have this ailment. For instance, type 1 is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin. In most cases, those who suffer from this condition are in their teens, early adulthood, or before they reach 40 years of age. Patients with this condition must take insulin injections and maintain their glucose levels to normal ranges by following the right diet.
As for people withb type 2 form of this disease, their body cells fail to react positively to insulin, or there is insufficient amount of insulin obtained for proper body functions. Individuals who are obese or overweight are at greater risk of this disease, particularly those with too much visceral fat in their body. Thus, causes of this ailment include being physically inactive, drinking soda regularly, and consuming the wrong foods. There were also studies that showed how low testosterone levels in men can increase the risk of this disease.
Overall, diabetes is a condition that can affect people of all ages and various walks of life. It is commonly triggered by poor diet, lack of exercise, and stress. Over time, the condition may progress to other diseases that affect the heart as the cholesterol and blood pressure levels become elevated aside from the glucose. Hence, consulting a health expert, managing weight, following a regular exercise program and maintaining a stress-free life can improve one’s health and prevent the occurence of this disease.